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Muththumari Amman Varalaru

Velanai Vivara Koththu

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Ntyiz ngUq;Fsk;

=y= Kj;Jkhup mk;ghs; Miyaj;jpd;

G+u;tPf tuyhw;Wj; njhFg;G.

(mUsKjj;jpy; jtwpa rpy jfyy;fs; Nru;fg;gl;Ls;sd)

njhFj;jtu;: ftpQu; Ntyida+u; nghd;dz;zh nld;khu;f;

<ots ehl;bNy jkpou;fs; topgl;L tUk;  Miyaq;fspNy kpfTk; goikthae;;j.. Guhjdkhdtw;wpy; Ntyiz ngUq;Fsk; Kj;Jkhup mk;kd; MiyaKk; xd;whFk;. ,e;j Miyak;.xy;yhe;jh; fhyj;J ge;jpuq;fspype;;J njhFf;fg;gl;L Mq;fpNyau; Nrfupj;J  itj;jpUf;Fk; mur gjpNtLfspy; ,e;j Miyaj;jpd; rpwg;Gf;fSk; gjpag;gl;L ,Ug;gij ,d;Wk; ehk;fhzf;$bajhf  ,Uf;fpd;wJ mur fr;Nrup gjpNtLfspy;.

mfpyhz;l Nfhb vd;w md;idia ,d;dKk; fd;dp vd;Nw XJfpd;wd Ntjq;fs.; ,JNthh; mw;Gjkhd rpe;jidf; Nfhl;ghL;. ,e;j Nfhl;ghL. ,e;J kjj;Jf;F kl;Lk; cupj;jhd xd;wy;y. ,Nj Nfhl;;ghl;L rpe;jidia gpw kjj;jtUk;. nray;ghl;by; ifahSfpd;whu;fs;. vd;gjw;F mwpFwpahf. NaRehjupd; jpUj;jhia gupRj;j fd;dp kupahs; md;;id vd;Nw tzq;Fk; fpwp];jt kf;fs; tof;fj;ijAk; ehk; ,d;W fz;zhuf; fhz;fpd;Nwhk;.

md;id guhrf;jpia gw;gy jpUf;Nfhyq;fspy;. gw;gy ehk fu;zq;fspypYk; gf;ju;fs; topgLtJ tof;fk;. mitahtd fhsp vd;Wk>; Ju;f;;if vd;Wk;> <];tup vd;Wk; ,d;Dk;gy ehkq;fspy; miog;gNjhL. mtu;> mtu; ek;gpf;iff;F Vw;g Miyak; mikj;Jk; tzq;Ffpd;whu;fs;. mtw;Ws; Kj;Jkhup vd;w %u;j;jKk; xd;W. kpfg; Guhjhd fhyk;njhl;Lnjhw;W Neha;>>gQ;rk;;>tul;rpahd Jd;g epfo;Tfs; kf;fis Ml;nfhz;L Ml;bg;gilf;fhky; ghJfhf;Fk; nja;tkhf(khup)Kj;Jkhup ehkk; nfhz;L topgLfpd;whu;fs;. ,e;j tbtk; ,e;Jf;fspd; xU ek;gpf;iftbtkhf Mjpfhyk; njhl;L toq;fptUfpd;wJ vd;gjw;F Mjhuq;fs; gy cs;sd.

<ots ehl;bNy ,e;Jf;fs; topgl;LtUk; Myaq;fspNy kpf Guhjd tw;wpy; ,e;j MyaKk; xd;whFk.;  xy;yhe;jh; fhyj;Jg; goikahd gj;jpuq;fspy; ,Ue;J. Mq;fpNyah; Nrfupj;J itj;jpUe;j fr;Nrup gjpNtl;Lg; gj;jpuq;fspy;. ,e;j Miyaj;ijg; gw;wpa Fwpg;Gf;fs; cs;sdmjpy; ,Ue;J jw;NghJ ,Uf;Fk;.  fh;g;gf;fpufk; 1875k; Mz;lstpy; fl;lg;gl;ljhf mwpfpNwhk;.

Mdhy; Nfhtpy; vg;NghJ ];jhgpf;fg; gl;lJ.  vt;tsT fhykhf ,e;j Miyak.; ,Ue;J tUfpd;wJ. Mjpfhyj;jpy; ,Ue;J vd;d tbtj;jpy; ,Ue;J tUfpd;wJ. Mjpfhyk; njhl;L ,e;j ,lj;jpNyNajhd; ,Ue;J tUfpd;wjh.? ,y;iy NtW ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J ,q;F jw;NghJ ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;Jf;F khw;wg;gl;ljh..!? vd;gdnty;yhk;  goik vd;w gdpg;GfhUf;Fs; %b kiwf;fg;gl;l epiyapNyNa ,d;dKk; njhlu;fpd;wJ. fhuzk; MjpKjy; mij gupghydk; nra;J te;j epu;thfpfshy; vOj;JUtkhd ve;j Mjhuj;ijAk; Mf;fKbahky; NghdjhYk;. mjd; gpd;te;jtu;fs; me;j tuyhW mwpaNtz;Lk; vd;w Mty; ,y;yhjpUe;jjhYk;. ,e;jepiy vkf;F Vw;gl;L cs;sJ. VNjh fpilj;jijj;nfhz;L kfpo;Nthk;. mwpNthk;.

,e;j epiyia vz;Zk;NghJ ,e;Jfs;Mtzf; fhg;G ,y;yhjtu;fs;. ,jpfhr czTfs; ,y;yhjtu;fs;. vd;W rpy Muhr;rpahsu;fs; $Wk; $w;iw Vw;whfNtz;ba epiyapy; ,d;iwa re;jjp epw;fpd;wJ. Vida kjj;jpdu;fisg; ghu;f;Fk; NghJ. jq;fspd; tuyhW fis>tbtq;fshfMtzg;gLj;jp Xiyr;RtbfshfTk;> gj;jpupifg; gbtq;fshfTk.; nrg;G VLfshfTk;>. fUq;fypy; vOj;Jf;fshfTk;. nts;spj;jfl;bYk; vOj.p ghJfhj;J Mtzg;gLj;jp. itj;J nrd;wpUf;Fk; epiyfis. ehk; ,d;W ghu;f;;Fk;NghJ. mwpAk;NghJ. mtu;fspd; $w;W epahakhfg; gLfpd;wJ. ,Ue;jhYk; ek;ik tplTk.; Mjho ghjhoj;jpy; ,d;Dk; gyu; ,Uf;ifapy.; jkpo; nkhopAk;>jkpoh; tuyhWk;. ghJfhf;fg; gl;Lk;. ,e;J kjuPjpapy;jhd; Fiwe;jpUg;gij rpe;jpf;Fk;NghJ. ehk; ek; %jhijau;fs; gw;wp ngUikg;glf; $bajhfNt cs;sJ.

,Ue;Jk; rpy mur gjpNtLfis thrpf;Fk; NghJ. ,e;j Myaj;jpy;. ,Ugjhk; Ehw;whz;bd; Kjw; gFjptiu. gz;Lnjhl;L kpUf gyp ,l;L tzq;Fk; tof;fk;. ,;Ue;J te;jjhf vkf;F Ke;jpa ngupatu; xUtUf;F. mtupd; je;ijahh; nrhd;djhf mwpaf;fplf;fpd;wJ.,ij ghu;f;Fk; NghJ. ehk; ,;d;Wk; gbf;f Kbe;j rpy tuyhWfspy; kpUf gypAk;> Fuitf; $j;Jk;.ek; topghl;L Kiwfs; vd;gij mwpa KbfpwJ. ,jdhy;.Myak; goikahdJ vd;gijAk;. Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Kbfpd;wJ. jpUKUfhw;Wg;gil> rpyg;gjpfhuk;> GwehEhW Nghd;w vkJ rq;ffhy ,yf;fpa Ehy;fspd; ghly;fspy.; ,e;j topghl;L Kiwia  cWjpg;gLJtdthf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,e;j tupirapy; jhd; ,e;j Kj;Jkhup mk;kd; MyaKk; vq;Nfh xU fhl;L %iyap;y;. Ntyizg; gFjpapy;  xUkuj;jpd;fpo;.  ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. vd ehk; vz;zyhk;. mjw;Fupa rpy Mjhuq;fSk; ekf;F fpilj;Js;sJ.

eilKiwapy; jkpo; muru; fhyj;jpy;.xUfUq;fy;ypy; mk;kd; rpiyia nrJf;fp. xUkuj;jpd;fPo; itj;J. mjw;F rpwpjhf xU Nfhtpy; mikj;J. gpujp\;lh nra;J. ehs; NjhWk; topgl;L te;jjhfTk;.  xy;yhe;ju; fhyk; Kjy; fu;zguk;giu tiu Mjhukw;w xUfij tplhg; gpbahf epytp tUfpd;wJ. xy;yhe;ju; Ml;rpfhy eLg;gFjpastpNyNa. ngUq;Fb  Ntshsd;. fl;lkhjd; vd;Dk; xUth;. Ntyiz ngUq;Fsj;J tlfiuapy; cyhtp tUk;Neuk;. fw;Gyk; vd;w gFjpapy; Mturk;> nehr;rpg;gw;iw xd;wpDs;. Kj;Jkhup mk;kd; fw;rpiy xd;iw fz;nlLj;jhu; vd;Wk;. me;j fl;lkhjDk.;  Ch; kf;fs; rpyUk; Nru;e;J. me;j fw;rpiyia mt;tplj;jpy; ,Ue;J Jhf;fp nrd;W  jw;NghJ Myak; cs;s gFjpf;F njw;Nf. neLq;Nfzp vd;w. ngaUila fhzpj; Jz;by;. Fbir mikj;J mjDs; mk;kd; rpiyia gpujp\;lh nra;J topgl;L te;jjhfTk;. mjd; gpd; ngupa Myak; mikf;Fk; fUj;Jf;nfhz;L. jw;NghJ cs;s ,lj;Jf;F nfhz;L te;jjhfTk;. fu;z guk;giu tuyhW gfh;fpd;wJ. Mdhy;mg;gbahapd; me;j gisa Myak; me;j ngUq;Fsj;jpd; tlfiuapy; ,Ue;jjh..!? me;j NfhtpYf;F vd;d Mapw;W vd;gJ gw;wp ve;j jilaKk; VJk; ,d;Dk; ,y;iy. Njly; nra;fpd;Nwhk;.

Mdhy; ,yq;ifapd; rupj;jpuj;jpNy Nghj;Jf;fPrh; gilnaLg;gpd; gpd;dhy;. epfo;e;j ,e;Jf;Nfhtpy;fs; mopgl;l.ml;Lopaq;fspd; NghJ. me;j gisa NfhtpYf;F VjhtJ ele;jpUf;fyhk;.mjd;gpd; mk;kd; tpf;fpufj;ij mtu;fs; Fsj;jpd; tlfiuAs;s me;j nehr;rp>Mturk; gw;iwf;Fs;. tPrp vwpe;jpUf;fyhk;. my;yJ ,e;j Mya mopg;G nra;jpia. Kd;dNu njupe;J nfhz;l mk;kd; gf;ju;fs;. rpyh; me;j nfhbatufs;; fuk; mk;kdpy; glf;$lhJ vd;w Nehf;fpy; mk;kd; tpf;fpufj;ij. Neuj;NjhNlNa ntspNa vLj;J. ghjfupd; ghjk; glhky; ghJfhf;Fk; Nehf;fpy;. ntspNa vLj;J ghJfhg;Gf;fhf gw;iwf;Fs; kiwj;jhh;fNsh..! vd;W ,d;Wtiu gf;ju;fs;h;fs;. ek;gpf;ifAld; vz;zpg; ghh;f;fpd;whh;fs.;

gjpndl;lhk; Ehw;whz;bNy kiwf;fg;gl;l mk;kd; tpf;fpufk;. gj;njhd;gjhk; Ehw;z;bNy xU fl;lkhjdhy; fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;L. ngUq;Fsj;jpd; njd;fiuf;F nfhz;Ltug;gl;L ngUq;Fsj;jpd; njd;fiuapy; 1500ahh; Jhuj;jpy; neLq;Nfzp vd;w Ngh;nfhz;l fhzpapy; xU nfhl;bypy; itj;J  gpujp\;lh nra;ag;gl;L topghL nra;ag;gl;lJ. Fbirapy; tPw;wpUe;j mk;ghs; jpUg;jp nfhs;shj epiyapy;. Gq;FLjPtpy; tho;e;j xUnry;te;juhd jpU.fhrpj;jk;gp vd;w ts;sypd; ,jak; GFe;J. jdf;F GjpaNjhh; jpUf;Nfhtpiy mikf;f nra;jhs;.

gjpndl;lhk;Ew;whz;L Kba gj;njhd;gNjhL njhlq;fpa fhyj;jpy;. NtshsFy fhrpj;jk;gp ts;syhh; Nfhtpy; jw;NghJs;s ,lj;jpy; mWgJ gug;G fhzpia thq;fp mk;ghSf;F md;gspg;G nra;J me;j ,lj;jpNyNa. mk;ghSf;F fy;ypdhYk;. Rz;zhk;gpdhYk; rhjhuz Nfhtpy; mikj;J me;j nehr;rp>Mturk; gw;iwf;Fs; fz;nlLj;j. mk;kd; tpf;fpufj;ij gpujp\;lh nra;J kf;fs; topghl;Lf;F vw;w Kiwapy; Vw;ghL nra;jhu;. md;W Kjy; ,d;W tiu Ntyiz fpof;Fg; gFjpapy; md;id = Kj;Jkhup ngUq;Fsj;jpd; njd;gFjp fiuapy; tPw;wpUe;J epj;jk; jtk; Gup;e;J.gf;ju;fSf;F mUs; ghypj;J tUfpd;whs;. Mk; ehk; fhZk; NfhtpYf;F taJ ,UehWf;F Nky; vd;W rupj;jpuuPjpahf nrhy;yyhk;. jPtfg;gFjpapy; cau;e;J epw;Fk; mk;gpif Myaq;fspy; ,ul;ilg;gQ;rhq;fKiwahd rpy Miyaq;fspy; ,JTk; xd;W  vdyhk;. Mdhy; ,e;j MyaNk ,d;Wk; ,JtiuAk; uh[NfhGuk; ,y;yh Nfhtpyhf ,Ug;gJ me;j mk;ghs; gf;ju;fspd; neQ;irj; njhLk; xU tplakhf ,Ug;gJ  fz;$L..

,jw;F Ke;jpa tuyhw;W fzf;fPl;il Mjhu uPjpahf fzf;fplKbahj epiyapy; ,d;Dk; mk;ghspd; gf;jp kpf;f  rupj;jpu ty;Ydh;fs; Njly; nra;fpd;whu;fs;.,e;j ,UehW tUl fhyq;fspy; mk;ghspd; jpUf;Nfhtpy; gy khWjiy fz;L tsu;r;rp fz;L tUfpd;wJ. fhrpj;jk;gp ts;sy; fl;ba Nfhtpy; vd;gJ gyMz;Lfs;tiu epiyngw;W epd;wJ. mjd;gpd; 1885--1890 Mk; Mz;lstpy; ahjtuhau; ,;uhkehjd; ngau;nfhz;l ts;sy;,Ue;j Nfhtpiy ,bj;J tpl;L mNj ,lj;jpy;  Jhgp> mu;j;jkz;lgk;>  rghkz;lgk;> khkz;lgk; Mfpait nfhz;l xU  mofhd Mfktpjpg;gb mike;j Gjpa Nfhtpiy fl;b vOg;gpdhh;. vd;Wk; Mdhy; ,j;jid fl;bAk; fl;blk; kl;LNk fl;lg;gl Nky; $iu Xlw;w epiyapy; njd; Xiyahy;jhd; Ntag;gl;bUe;jJ.,e;jf; Fiwia eptu;j;jp nra;a1890-1895Mz;lstpy; fjpu;fhku; MWKfk; vd;Dk; ts;sy; Kd;te;J  njd;Xiyahy; Nta;e;jpUe;j Myaj;ijf;Fiyj;J XLfs; Nghl;L moF gLj;j;paNjhL. Miyaj;Jf;Fs; nfhb];jk;gk; Xd;Wk; fl;bMiyaj;ij nkUNfw;wpdhu;. mNj fhyg; gFjpapy; tapuKj;ju; vd;w ts;sy; ahfkz;lgk; xd;Wk; fl;bdhh;. mNjfhyg;gFjpapy; NtyizA+u; tp];tfUk Fy jpyfu;fs; Kd;te;J mk;ghSf;F tre;j kz;lgk; Xd;iw mikj;J fzpf;if Mf;fpdhh;fs;. vd mwpaf;fplf;fpd;wJ.

mLj;J Ntyiz nrl;bGyj;J guj Fyjpyfu;fs; Kd;te;J Fiwahf fple;j Rw;Wkjpiy fl;b Kbj;J mk;ghSf;F fhzpf;if Mf;fpdhu;fs;. mijj;njhlu;e;J Re;ju; taputehju; vDk; ts;sy; rpj;jpuq;fs; $ba rpj;jpuj;Njh; xd;iw  fhzpf;ifahf;fpdhh; mk;ghSf;F. vd;Wrpyh; $Wfpd;whh;fs; Mdhy; rpj;jpuj;Njh; ,Ue;jJ cz;ik mJ ahuhy; md;gspf;fg;gl;lJ vd;W cWjp nra;a KbahJs;sJ vd;Wk; rpyu; njuptpf;fpd;whh;fs;.

me;j rpj;jpuj;Njh; gOjile;J ghtidf;F  ,ayhj epiy fz;L gpd; njhz;lh; gps;isapdhhpd; Kaw;rpapdhYk; gyupd; NgUjtpapdhYk;.  xU fl;Lj;Njh; mikf;fg;gl;Nl mk;ghs; tPjp cyh te;jjhfTk; Kd;idath;fs; $w Nfl;l ngupath;fs; nrhy;y   Nfl;L -njupe;J nfhs;s Kbfpd;wJ  1973k; Mz;L  Gjpa rpj;jpuj;Njh; cUthFk; tiu.

,e;j njhlupy; ,e;j 20k; Ehw;whz;bd;  Muk;gj;jpNy 1910k; Mz;L mstpy; Iak;gps;is fhj;jpNfR vd;Dk; ts;sy; Kj;Jkhup mk;ghspd; cs; tPjpapy; tl Nkw;F %iyapy; jdJ fhzpf;ifahf xU Rg;gpukzpau; NfhtpYk;. mjd; mUNf xU rdpNa];tuh; NfhtpYk; mikj;J nfhLj;jNjhL Myaj;ijAk; ngUg;gpj;J nfhLj;jhh;. xU md;gu; 1915 Mz;lstpy; Myaj;Jf;F epue;ju tUkhdk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w ey;y Nehf;fpy; Kj;Jkhup mk;ghs; Myaj;jpd; ngaupy; 25-11 1915k; jpfjp Myk;Gyk; vd;w  ngaUila %d;W Jz;L fhzpia ju;krhjdk; vOjp khdpaKk; nfhLj;jhh;. ,d;Wk; fhzp ghtidapy; cs;sJ.

1930k; Mz;lstpy; ahjtuhau; ,uhkypq;fk; mtu;fs; fl;bf; nfhLj;j Nfhtpiy ,bj;J Cu;g; nghJkf;fs; xd;W Nru;e;J gzk; jpul;b ,uhkypq;f cilahh; jiyikapy; Gjpa Nfhtpy; xd;iwf; fl;bdhh;fs;. fw;gf;fpufk;> mu;j;jkz;lgk;> rghkz;lgk;> khkz;lgk;> gypgPlk;> Mfpa rfyJk; nts;isf;fy; jpUg;gzpahfr; mikf;fg;gl;ld. ,e;jj; jpUg;gzpapy; thdj;J re;jpud; Nghy;  xspahf cW Jizahf epj;jpa gzpahw;wpatu; jpUj;njhz;ld; gps;isapdhuhthu; mtupd; gzp vd;Wk; kf;fshy; Nghw;wg; gLtjhFk;. nghd;ndOj;jhy; nghwpf;fg;gl;l gzpahFk;. me;j jpUg;gzpapy; JhgpNtiyr; nrytpy; ngUk;gFjpia Kj;Jj;jk;gp vd;w ts;sy; Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhh.; jpUg;gzp ahTk; jpUg;jpahf epiwNtwp 1936k; Mz;Lg; gFjpapy; Myak; Fk;ghgpN\fk; ele;jJ.

1938k; Mz;by; njhz;lh; gps;isapdhh; mth;fs; nts;isf; fw;fshy; Mya cs;tPjpapy; njd;Nkw;F Kiyapy; xU gps;isahh; Nfhtpiyf; fl;b Kbj;jhu;. mLj;j gj;J tUlj;Jf;Fs; cs;tPjp kz;lgKk;>klg;gs;spAk;> thfdrhiyAk; mikj;J ,it midj;Jf;Fk; $iuNghl;L>Xl;bdhy; Nta;e;J jpUg;gzpia epiwT nra;jhh;. 1940k; Mz;lstpy; gpugy Xg;ge;jf;fhwuhd jpUthsh; m. rptFUehjd; vd;w ts;sy; Nju; Kl;biaAk;. mjd;gpd; aho;thu;j;;jfh; fhrpypq;fk; vd;w  ts;sy; NfhGu thry; ntspkz;lgj;ijAk;fl;b Kbj;jhu;fs;. me;j fhy vy;iyapy; jpUj;njhz;lh; f. jpy;iyak;gyk; mtu;fshy; Gifapiy Nrfupj;J cs;tPjp midj;Jk; rPnke;J fhiw Nghl;L G+rp Myak; nkU$l;lg;gl;lJ.

1948 k; Mz;lstpy; nka;abahu; nry;yg;gh Rthkp mth;fs; mg;ghSf;F njw;gf;Fsk; mikj;J ehY Rw;Wk; fy;yhy; fl;b Kfg;gpy; klk; Xd;W fl;b mjw;F ehy;th; klk; vd;W ngaupl;L. klj;jpd; tlf;F fiuapy; rptd; tpf;fpufk; mikj;J Nfhtpyhf;fp.  klj;jpd; kj;jpapy; njw;gf;Fsj;ij ghu;j;jgb ngupa ypq;fk; xd;W mikj;J ypq;f topghL nra;jNjhL Nkw;Fg;Gwk; ePl;Lf;F thioNjhl;lkpl;L mk;ghspd; Miya ntspg;Gwj;ijg; nghypTwr; nra;jhh;.

,e;jf; fhy vy;iy tiu Nfhtpypd; eph;thfk;. xU eph;thf mikg;ghf ele;jjhf vq;NfAk; vk;khy; mwpa Kbatpy;iy. Mdhy;  ,uhkypq;f cilahupd; jdpeph;thfj;jpd; fPo; 8k;>9k;>10k;> 3k;> 6k;> jpUtpoh cga fhuupd; gpujpepjpj;Jt Kiwapy; Mya eph;thfk; eilKiwg;gLj;jg; gl;L te;jjhfTk;. mwpaf;fplf;fpd;wJ rpy tajhdth;fs; $w;Wg;gb.,jpy; ePz;l fhyj;ij mz;iwa ngupahh;fshd ngupthj;jpahh; vd miof;fg;gl;l ,isajk;gp MrpupaUk;.  nry;iyah MrpupaUk; ftpuNtY> fpl;bdh; Nghd;NwhUk; gq;F nrYj;jp cs;shh;fs; vdTk; rpy ngupath;fspd; thh;j;ij %ykhf fpilf;Fk; nra;jpfs; jlakhf fpilf;fpd;wd. ,th;fspd; eph;thfpahf ,uhkypq;f cilahNu mth;fhyk; tiu eph;tfpj;jhh; vdTk;. jpUtpohf; fhyq;fspy; Nky;gb  cUj;jhd jpUtpohf; fhwh;fspy; gpujp epjpfs; Nkyjpfkhf Nrh;f;fg;gl;L jpUtpohf;fs; ele;Njwp te;jd vd;W kl;Lk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. ,jw;F ,ilg;gl;l fhy vy;iyfspy; M;rpupah; rp ,uhruj; jpdk; Mrpupah; mth;fs; jpU G Rg;gpukzpak; mth;fs; jpU Nt.gpfe;ijah mth;fs;. jpUj;njhz;lh; jpy;iyak;gyk; mth;fs; Nghd;Nwhh; jiyikapYk; eph;thfk; ,ilf;fpil ele;jjhf mwpaf; fplf;fpd;wJ. Nkyjpfkhf Myaj;jpy; Gduikg;Ngh> Gyhp];jhdNkh ele;jjhf mwpa Kbatpy;iy. 1971k; Mz;lstpy; Nfhtpy; eph;thfpfSf;fpilapy; Vw;gl;l fUj;J jLkhw;wq;fshy;. fpl;lj;jl;lNfhtpy; 20 Mz;Lfs;tiu Miyak; rpf;fYf;Fs; js;sg;gl;L ePjp kd;w Kbit vjph; Nehf;fp ,Ue;jJ. mNjfhy fl;lj;jpy; Miyaj;jpd; eph;thfpahf jpUj;njhz;lh; jpy;iyak;gyk; mth;fSk; mtupd; kuzj;jpd; gpd; mtupd; kfd; jp. ,uj;:jpdk; mth;fSk; Myaj;jpy; ve;jtpj FiwAk; te;Jtplf;$lhJ vd;w epidg;NghL fhupaq;fis nrayhw;wp te;jjhfTk; me;jd; gpd; ePjpkd;wj;jPh;g;Ng xUeph;thfmikg;G Kiwia cUthf;fpaJ vdTk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ vk;khy;. mjd;gpd; ehl;by; ele;j kf;fs; Gyk;ngah;thy; Vw;gl;l mty epiyiaAk; jhz;b; fpl;lj;jl;l 20gJ  Mz;Lfs; kf;fs; Myaj;ijg; gw;wp rpe;jpf;f Kbahj mty epiyapy; ,Ue;Jk;. mk;gpifapd; mbahh;fs; mk;gpiff;F Jd;gj;jpYk; kPz;nlOe;J te;J gy jpUg;gzpfis nra;Js;shh;fs; nfhbkug; Gduikg;G> cs;Ntiyfs; Gduikg;G. Gjparg;gwk; rg;gw f;nfhl;lif Nghd;w gy jpUg;gzpfis. md;iwafhy jiyth;fshd jpU.f.rutzehjd; mth;fSk;. jpU e.n[fehjd; mth;fSk; kw;Wk; eph;thfpfSk; jpUtpoh cgafhh;fspd; NgUjtpNahL jpUg;gzp nra;Js;shh;fs;.

1936k; Mz;L ahjtuhah; mth;fs; jiytuhf ,Ue;J elhj;jg;gl;l Myajjpd; Fk;ghgpN\fj;jpd; gpd; 1986k; Mz;L jpUthsh; t.Iahj;Jiu mth;fSk; md;iwa eph;thfKk; jiyikNaw;W 10.09.1986y; ele;j Miya Gduikg;Gk; Fk;ghgpN\fKk; ele;jfhyk;tiu NtW ve;j tpN\l epo;TfisAk; Miya nra;jjhf tuyhw;wpy; Njb ngw Kbatpy;iy. mjw;F gpd; Ntyizapd; fpof;fpy; Miya Rw;whlypy; tho;e;e;J te;jtUk; fhtj;ijapy; gpugy th;j;jfUkhd jpUthsh; rpd;dj;Jiu mth;fs; fpl;lj;jl;l 1949-1950 k; Mz;lstpy; mk;kd; Myaj;jpd; njw;F Gwj;jpy; kf;fspd; ghtidf;fhf ,Ue;j thriy jpUj;jp mikj;jNjhLme;j gFjpapy; Miya FUthdth;fs; jq;fp ,isg;ghwf; $ba tifapy; njw;F thry; kz;lgj;ij  mikj;J mk;ghSf;F fhzpf;if Mf;fpajhfTk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. 1971 k;Mz;lstpy; fhupahjpfhup tpdhaypq;fk;  mtu;fs; jiyiaapy; mikf;fg;gl;lNjh;j;jpUg;gzpr;rigapd;nray;ghl;lhYk;.jpUj;njhz;lh; jpy;iyak;gyk;mth;fspd; Jhf;fkpy;yh NgUiog;gpdhYk; xu; mofhd rpj;jpuj;Njh; 1973y; mikf;fg;gl;L mk;gpif rpj;jpuj; Njupdpy; tPjpAyh te;jhs;. mNjfhyg;gFjpapy; jpUj;njhz;lh; jpy;iyak;gyk; mtu;fs;jdJ nrhe;j nrytpy; Mya tlf;F tPjpapy; xUmd;djhd Rugp xd;iwAk; kidtpapd; epidthy; fl;bKbj;jhh;.

..1965k; Mz;L Ntyizf;fpuhkj;jpy; trpj;jtUk; epf;ftul;bahtpy; gpgy th;j;jfUkhftpoq;fpa jpUthsh; rz;Kfk;gps;is mth;fs; mk;ghspd; G+irf;F kyh; NjbG+rfu;;fs; mtyg;gLk; epiy czh;e;J. epue;ju G+e;Njhl;lj;ij mk;kd; Myj;jpd; tlf;F tPjpapy; mij;Jf; nfhLj;jhh; vd;Wk;. mjd;gpd; 1972k; Mz;lstpd; mtupd; kidtp jpUkjp r. nghd;dk;kh mth;fs;; fztdhupd; epidthf Myaj;jpd; khkz;lgj;jpd; tl jpirapy; xU eNl];tuh; tpf;fpufj;ij mikj;J gpujp];lh nra;J itj;jjhfTk; mwpq Kbfpd;wJ mNjfhyg; gFjpf;F rpWfhyk; Kd;jhf  nry;td; K gQ;rypq;fk; mth;fs; jz;Nl];tuh; Myaj;ijf; fl;bf; nfhLj;jjhfTk; . ,jw;Fk; Kd;djhf jh. fe;ijah mth;fs; taput Nfhtpiyf; fl;bf; nfhLj;J md;gspg;G nra;jjhfTk;.  njupa tUfpd;wJ.

mj;NjhL Ntyiz ,uz;lhk; tl;lhuj;jpy; trpj;Jte;jtUk; tprf;fb it;jjpaUkhdKUNfR fjpuNtY vd;Dk; mk;gpifapd; mbahh; ePz;lfhykhf Njh;j;jpUtpohtd;W tUlk; jtwhJ mbahh;fSf;F jhfrhe;jp nra;J te;jjhfTk;. mjw;F xU epue;jukhd fl;blj;ij mtupd; kfd; fjpuNtY rpw;wk;gyk; vd;gtH; 1972k; Mz;L epue;jukhf   MyaKd;wypy; mikj;J nfhLj;jjhfTk; njupatUfpwJ.mNj fhyg;gFjpapy; mk;ghspd; Miyaj;jpw;F mtrukhf Njitg;gl;bUe;j etf;fpuf nja;tq;fSf;fhd xU Nfhtpiy jq;fs; fhzpf;ifahf Ntyizia gpwg;gplkhfTk;. ehue;jiidia tjptplkhf nfhz;l jpUthsh; Fkhurhkp nry;yk;kh FLk;gj;jhh; 1972y; mikj;Jf;nfhLj;jjhfTk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. MNjNghy; 1964k; Mz;by; Ntyiz thypgh; Kd;Ndw;wr; rq;fj;jpduhy; mbah;fsps; eyd; fUjp xU epue;ju jz;zpj;njhl;bia mk;gpiff;F fhzpf;ifahf mya Kd;wypy; cs;s fpzw;Wf;F mUfhikapy; mikj;Jf; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ.

mk;ghspd; Mya njd;;Gwj;jpy; ePz;lfhykhf  murpdh; jkpo; fytd; ghlrhiyahf ,aq;fp te;J 1974k; Mz;lstpy; gy murpay; Nghuhl;lq;fSf;Ff;F gpd; mg;gFjp kf;fsps; xw;Wikf;F ghykhfNtyiz fpof;F kfhtpj;jpahiyakhf juKaw;wg;;gl;L ngUtsh;r;rp fz;L tUk; ghlrhiy ngupaNjhh; fiyf;Nfhtpyhf epkpu;e;J epw;fpd;wJ. ,ijf; fhz;gth;fs; fiyf;Nfhtpyhy; jpUf;Nfhtpy; mzpfyd; ngWfpd;wjh..!? ,y;iy jpUf;Nfhtpyhy; fiyf;Nfhtpy; mzpfyd; ngWfpd;wjh..!? vd;wMr;rupa tpdhf;fis vOg;g Ntz;ba epiyf;F js;sg;gLfpd;whu;fs;.                                 

rz;lhs gpujp\;lh mgpN\fk;

mijj;njhlh;e;J ehl;by; 1990k; Mz;lstpy; vw;gl;l ,uhZt nfLgpb fhuzkhf Mya Rw;whlypy; tho;e;j kf;fs; Gyk;ngah;e;j fhuzj;jhy; fpuhkj;jpy; kf;fs; rpWnjhifapdNu tho;e;jjhfTk;.mg;NghJ Myak; G+l;ba gbNa fple;jjhfTk;. me;j Neuj;jpy; mq;F tho;e;j th;fSs; xUtUk; mk;gpifapd; gf;jUkhd jpU fhu;j;jpNfR FyNrfuk;  vd;gtNu. nts;sp nrt;tha; ehs;fspy; mq;Fs;sth;fspd; cjtpAld; muprp Nrfupj;J G+l;ba fjtpd; Kd;dhy; ghid itj;J nghq;fy; nra;J gilj;J gfph;e;Jz;L mk;gpifia Mjupj;J te;jjhfTk;. mwpag; gLfpd;wJ.

mf;fhyj;Jf;F Kd;djhf 1984 1985k;mz;lstpy; mk;gpiff;F NfhGuk;fl;l tpUk;gpa md;iwa NfhGu jpUg;gzpr; rig njhlq;fpa Ntiyj;jpl;lj;jpy; NfhGuj;Jf;fhf ntl;ba mj;jpthuk; mg;gbNa fple;jjhy; mJ Myaj;Jf;Fk; kf;fSf;Fk; ngUk; ,ilAwhf ,Ue;jNjhL md;iwa fhy R+oypy; te;jpwq;fpa ,uhZtk;. jk;ik ghJfhf;f me;j fplq;if gad;gLj;jpdhy; .Myaj;Jf;Fk; ngUk; jPq;fhfp tpLNkh vd;w vjph;fhy rpe;jidNahL. mk;gpifapd; gf;jUk;. gpugy nfhOk;G th;jfUkhdjpU fe;ijah fe;jrhkp vd;w ngUe;jif jdJ nrhe;j nrytpy; fpl;lj;jl;l 250ngl;b coT ,ae;jpu kziy kz;Fk;ghdpy;  ,Ue;J nfhzh;e;J fplq;fpy; nfhl;b mij epug;gpajhfTk; mij mth; jdJ nrhe;jr; nrytpNyNa nra;jjhfTk; gpd; Gjpa NfhGu Ntiyf;F me;j kzNy fpowp vLj;jNjhL me;j mj;jpthuf; fplq;Fk; gad;gl;ljhf mwpa KbfpwJ.

,g;gbNa Mz;L gy cUz;Nlhl 1996k; Mz;lstpy; Gyk;ngah;e;j kf;fSf;F jk;Njrk; gw;wpa rpe;jid vo. ehl;bYk; xusT mikjp fhz me;j gFjpapy; tho;e;j kf;fs; kPz;Lk; te;;J FbNawj; njhlq;fpdh;. me;j R+o;epiyapy; nfhOk;Gtho; mk;gpif mbahh;fspd; rpe;jidapy; mk;gpif jd; epidg;ig $l;bdhs; vdyhk;. ,e;j Roypy; mk;gpifapd; mLj;j fl;l nray;ghL njhlq;fpaJ. ,e;j Neuj;jpy; nfhOk;G th;jfUk; jtpL jpd;dp gps;isahh; Mya eph;thfpAk; mk;gpifapd; gf;jUkhfpa jpU.nry;iyah ehfuhrh vd;gth; Kd;dpd;W mk;gpifapd; Myaj;ij jpwe;J Kiwg;gb rz;lhs gpujp\;lh mgpN\fk;  elhj;jp kPz;Lk; Myaj;ij eilKiwg;gLj;j vz;zp jdJ fpuhkj;J kf;fisf; fye;jhNyhrpj;J mg;gzpia Muk;gpf;ifapy; mtupd; rpe;jidf;F tYf;$l;l nfhOk;gpy; mur gzpapy; ,Ue;j jpU fe;ijah rutzehjd; mth;fSk; ,ize;J mk;gpifapd; MjuthsHfspd; cjtpAld; Ntyiz nrd;W mq;F thOk; kf;fspd; MjuNthL may;fpuhk kf;fspd;MjuTk; ngw;W Mya eph;thfpfs;. Mya Grfh;fs; FUkhupd; Nghd;Nwhupd;. MNyhridAlDk;. nra;aNtz;ba rfy fpUiffSk;. nra;J rz;lhsg; gpujp\;lh mgpNrfk; elhj;jp. fhyj;jpd; Nfhyj;jhy; ele;j mj;jid FiwghLfisAk; epth;j;jp nra;J Myak; njhlh;e;J Kiwg;gb eilgapy top nra;jjhf mwpa Kbfpd;wJ.

mUsKjj;jpy; gjpTglj; jtwpait

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jPf;Fspg;G

jPtfj;jpy; Kjy;Kjyhf 1950k; Mz;lstpy; ,e;j Myaj;jpy; jhd;. jPf;Fspg;G vd;w gagf;jp nfhz;l epfo;r;rp Muk;gpf;fg;gl;ljhfTk;. ,ij md;iwa mk;kd;gf;jh;fshd jpUthsh;fs; filr;rhkp vd;w xU aho;ghz rhkpahUk;. Ntyiz fpof;ifg; gpwg;gplkhf nfhz;ltUkhd jhNkhjuk; gps;isr; rhkpahUk; jhd;. Kjd; Kjyhf 8k; jpUtpoh ,uT Muk;gpj;J itj;jjhfTk;. mJ ,g;gTk; njhlh;tjhfTk;.. ,g;Ngh me;jepfo;T gy ,lq;fspy; ifahsg;gLtjhTk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. mLj;J 1978y;mkuuhd gpugy nfhOk;G th;j;jfh;.jpUthsh; fe;ijah ghyRg;gpukzpak; mth;fshy; md;iwa Kfhikahsu; jpUthsh; jp .,uj;jpdk; mth;fspd; Ntz;LjYf;F  mikthf Myaj;jpd; tlf;Fg;gFjp Kd;Gwj;jpy;. xU thfdrhiy xd;iw mikj;Jf; nfhLj;jjhfTk;. mJ ,gN;ghJ khw;wp kly; rg;gwk; itf;ff;$bajhf khw;wk;mile;Js;sjhfTk;  mwpa KbfpwJ.

mjw;FKd; 1945y; gpugy xg;ge;jf; fhwuhd m-Nguk;gy; vd;w ts;syhy; mk;ghs; tPjp cyh tUtjw;fhfKjy;Kjyhf xU rfilia fhzpf;ifahf nra;tpj;Jf; nfhLj;jjhfTk; gpw;fhyj;jpy;.gpugy xg;ge;jf;fhwuhd. m.rptFU mth;fshy; kPz;Lk; xUKiw Nju; Kl;b jpUj;jp mikf;fg;gl;ljhfTk;. mth; gzpia njhlh;e;J nrayhw;wp tUk;.; Kd;dhs; mrpaUk; mtupd; kUkfdhUkhd ,d;iwa mgptpUj;jp mjpfhupgahd jpU.mUkehjd;   mth;fsplk; mwpa Kbe;jJ. mNjNghy;  10k; jpUtpoh cgafhudhd gpugy xg;ge;jf;fhwuhd jpU-rk;ke;jh;mth;fSk;. Mya Gduikg;gpYk;. NfhGumikg;gpYk; ngUk;gq;fhw;wp tUfpwhh; vdTk;mwpa KbfpwJ.

mk;gpifapd; Nju;jpUg;gzpAk; mw;GjKk;;

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mjd;gb fpspnehr;rp tl;lf;fr;rp ,uhkehjGuj;jpy; trpj;Jte;j jpUthsh; M.,uhrJiu vd;gtiu mZfp tpguk;nrhy;y mtUk; mtupd; kfd; eurpq;fk; vd;gtUk; Nru;e;Jnrd;W mq;Fs;s fhLfs; vy;yhk; NjLjy; nra;jdh;.fhiyKjy; fhLg+uhfj; Njb miye;j mtu;fs; khiy %d;W kzpastpy; jz;zPu;jhfk; jPg;;gjw;fhf xU Fsj;jpy; jz;zPu;jhfk; jPu;j;J tpl;L mjd; fiuapy;. ,Ue;j kuk; xd;wpd; fPo; fisg;ghw mku;e;jjhfTk;.rpwpJ Neuj;jpy; NkNy ghu;j;j xUth; ,e;jh ,Uf;fz;z ehkNjbd kunkd rj;jkpl;lhh; vdTk;. mij midtUk; kfpo;Tld.; ghu;j;J kfpo;jjhfTk;. mjd;gpd; murpd; mDkjpngw;W me;jkuj;ijNa NjUf;fhf mWj;J te;J gad; gLj;jpajhfTk;. ,JTk; mk;gpifapd; mw;Gjg; GJikjhd; vd $lr;nrd;w xUth;. tPl;by; te;J nrhy;y. mijNfl;bUe;j xUtuhd Rtprpy; trpf;Fk; jpU fe;ijah rutzhde;jd; mtu;fshy; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. ,g;gb gw;gy cly; rpYf;f itf;Fk;  mw;Gj GJikfis. mk;gpif gw;wpj; Njlj;Njl fpilj;j tz;zkhfNt cs;sJ.

kw;WnkhU r%f Nritahsd; fhu;jPNfR jk;gpIah mth;fs; Nritg; gzp

mk;gpif jd; gzpf;fhf tUirg;gLj;jpa mbahu;fs; tupirapy; jpUj;njhz;lh; jpy;iyak; gyk;  mth;fspd; kiwtpd; gpd;dhy; Ntyizapd; kf;fs; gzpf;fhfTk;. mk;kd; Mya gzpf;fhfTk;. jd;id mug;;gzpj;J fliknra;jth; Iahg;gh vd;W kf;fshy; miof;fg;gLk.; jpUthsh; fhu;jpNfR jk;gpIah mth;fshFk;. mth; Ntyizapy; jpUkztPL ele;jhYk; rup. kuztPL ele;jhYk; rup Kjy; Mshf mq;F epd;W MNyhridfs; toq;fp epfo;it elhj;Jk; nghWg;gpy; kf;fshy; mq;fPfupfg;gl;l xU r%f Nritahsh;. mNjNghy; mk;kd; Myaj;jpYk; xt;nthU epfo;tpYk; fhupaq;fis nra;J Kbj;J Nritapy; cau;j xU njhz;ld; vdyhk;. ,tupd; gzpahy; <u;fg;gl;l mtupd; %j;j kfdhd jpU jk;gpiaah Fkhurhkpahd rkhjhdePjthd;. mth;fSk; mtiug;NghyNt Ntyiz kf;fSf;Fk;. Ntyiz Kj;Jkhup mk;kDf;Fk;. mUNf mike;j Ntyiz fpof;F kfhtpj;jpahiyaj;Jf;Fk.; ngUk;gzp Mw;wp cs;shh; vd kf;fs; nrhy;ypg; ngUikg;gLj;Jk;.kf;fs; gzpahsuhf tpsq;fp ,iltajpy; ,iwtdbNru;e;jhu; vd mwpfpd;Nwhk;. mth; mj;kh rhe;jp milal;Lk;

mk;gpifapd; mUSk; mk;ghspd; ngaupy; ghlg;gl;l Ehy;fSk;

md;id Kj;Jkhupapd; mUs;flh\;rk; md;WKjy; ,d;Wtiu gupzhk tsh;r;rp fz;Nl tUfpd;wJ. mjd; tpgukhf ehkwpah fhykhd gps;isapdhh; fhyj;jpd; gpw;gFjpapy;.eapdhjPTit gpwg;gplkhf nfhz;l md;idapd; gf;juhd xUirtg; jkpo; Nguhrhd;. mtu;fshy;. xUKj;Jkhup mUs; khiy vd;w Ehy; ghb ntspte;jJ vd mwpfpd;Nwhk;. Mdhy; mij ,d;iwa fhyj;jhuhy; mwpa gbf;f Kbatpy;iy. vd;Nwh xUehs; mk;ghshy; mijAk;mUs;ths; vd ek;gyhk;.

Ntyiza+h; Kj;Jkhupad;id gjpfk;

vd;w jiyg;G nfhz;l Ehiy 6-8-1951y; md;iwa ngUk; Gyth; muhypA+h; f. NrhkRe;jug;Gyth; mth;fSk;  gz;bjkzp gpuk;k= R. etePj fp];zghujpahh; mth;fs; tpj;Jtkzp gpuk;k= rp. fNzirah MfpNahupd; cjtpAld;. mk;gpifgf;jd; Mrpupah; nghd;.n[fehjd; mtu;fshy; ntspaPL nra;J Myaj;jpw;F nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. mJFk; ,d;iwa r%fj;Jf;F fpilf;fh  epiyahfp ,Uf;ifapy;. mk;gpifapd; NguSshy; mJ Njrj;jpd; xU%iyapy; mnkupf;fh fz;lj;jpy; xU mbahuplk; ,Ue;J NtyizA+h; nghd;dz;zhTlk; Nru;e;J mJgpd; 2005y; kWgpuRukhf md;idapd; Myak; Nru;e;J kf;fspd; ghu;itapy; gadhfp cs;sJ.

jPuhj Neha; jPu;f;Fk; Kj;Jkhup mk;ghs; fhtpak;

17-02-1979y; Ntyiz Kjyhk; tl;lhuj;ij Nru;e;j NtyhAjk; rpd;dj;jk;gp (nghyp]; ngd;rdpah;)vd;w mk;gpif gf;jh; Nky;gb jiyg;gpy; xU gf;jp khiy Ehiy vOjp ntspaPL nra;J ,Ue;Jk; mijAk; mk;gpif gf;jd; Nyiza+u; nghd;dz;zh kWgpuRukhf 2005y; ntspapl;L cs;sh;.

kf;fs; gad;ngwntd mUsKjk;

6.7.2005y; Ntyiza+h; nghd;dz;zhthy; mk;kd; tuyhWk;. NtyiztuyhWk;. fy;Yhupfs; tuyhWk; mk;gpifghly;fSk;. mlq;fpa xU Mtzj;njhFg;ghf mUsKjk; ntspaPPL nra;J itf;fg;gl;lJ.

jyGuhzk;

2007k; Mz;by; fdlhtpy; trpf;Fk; rutizA+h; gz;bjh;  FkNuirah mth;fshy; mk;gpiff;F xU jyGuhzk; vd;w mk;gpif tuhyhw;W Ehy; ntspaPL nra;ag;gllJ.

jpUePw;wpd; ngUik

vd;w Ehiy Ntyiz tp\f;fb itj;jpaUk;  Nju;fhy jz;zpg;ge;jy; cUj;jhsUkhd jpU fjpuNtY rpw;wk;gyk; mth;fshy; 2007y; ntspaPL nra;ag;gl;lJ mk;gpiff;F ,g;gb gy Gfo;khiy Ehy;fs; njhlu;e;J te;j tz;zNk cs;sd. md;id tsq;fhZk; fhyk; tpbay; fhz;fpd;wJ vd ehKk; ek;gpf;ifNahL ek;gzp njhlu;Nthkhf

NfhGu mikg;G

NfhGu mbj;jskhd. mj;jpthuj;ij gpugy nfhOk;G th;j;jfh;.jpUthsh; fe;ijah fe;jrhkp. mth;fs; jpUg;gzpahf nra;J nfhLj;jjhfTk;.. ngUk;nryT nfhz;l tpaho tupia gpugy th;j;jfUk;. jpdf;Fuy; gj;jpif epWtdUkhd jpUthsh;. nry;iyah nghd;Dr;rhkp mth;fs; nra;J nfhLj;jjhfTk;. jiyth; jpU n[fehjdplk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. mijtpl mk;gpifapd; epue;ju FUthdth; trpg;gjw;fhd tPl;il gpugy kd;dhh; th;j;jfh; jpUthsh;  Iahj;Jiu jtuh[h mth;fs; mk;gpiff;F fhzpf;ifahf nra;J nfhLj;jjhfTk;. mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. ,e;j fhzpia ngUk;nfhilts;sy; fe;jh; fhq;NfR mth;fshy; rpWnjhif gzj;Jld; NfhtpYf;F toq;fg;gl;lJ vd;gJ midtUk; mwpe;jNj. Myak; tsf;fpy; rpf;fp epw;Fk; NghJ Mya eph;thfj;jpd;  nghWg;gha; ,Ue;j. jpUj;njhz;lh; jpy;iyak;gyk; mth;fl;F. mtNuhL eph;thfj;jpy; ,Ue;j jpUthsh; Mrpupah; ngh. eluh[h mth;fSk;. Nt.gp fe;ijah mth;fSk; Mya FUthd jpUthsh; nghd;Dr;rhkp FU mth;fSk; ngUk; cW Jizahf   gzpnjhlu Jizepd;whh;fs; vdTk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ.

mj;NjhL mk;gpif jpUtpohf;fhyj;jpy;  tlf;F tPjpapy; jq;fp epw;f Njh;f;nfhl;lifapd; gpd; GwKk; . mKjRugp klj;jpd; Kd;gFjpd; fpof;Fk; Nru epfo;rpfs; elj;Jtjw;fhf jpU eh.mUshde;jrptypq;fk; mth;fSk; jpU nr. gh];fud; mth;fs; r. fNzrypq;fk; Nghd;Nwupd; jiyikapy; gy ,isQh;fs; eph;tfpf;fg;gl;l mk;gpif eyd;Gupr;rq;fj;jpd; Nguhy; Nkilmikf;Fk; jpl;lk; nray;gl;L mj;jpthuk; Nghlg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjd; mgptpUj;jpAk;. vjph;fhyj;jpy;  mtrpak; vd njupfpwJ. mj;NjhL jh;kts;sy; mjpgh; fe;jh; fhq;NfR mth;fs; jdJ Kd;W filnfhz;l fl;blj;njhFjpia mk;gpiff;F fhzpf;ifahf;fp cs;sshh; mk;gpiff;F rpwg;Ng.

Mya fhl;rp mikg;G

tlf;NfngUq;Fsj;jpd; ePu;g;gug;G gue;jpUf;f.nry;yKj;J md;djhdklkhd mKjRugp cau;e;jpUf;f fpof;Nf njw;gf;FsKk; ey;th; klKk; rptypq;f rpiyAk; fhl;rpju.  njw;f;Nf fiyf;Nfhtpyhd Ntyiz fpof;F khfhtpj;jpahyak; kFlk;Nghl.Nkw;Nf mk;ghs; Miyak; mzpnra;Ak; fz;fhl;rp ghh;g;Nghh; fz;fSf;F ngUtpUe;jhf fhl;rpjUk;. ,g;gbahd xU ,aw;if mikg;igf; nfhz;l Miyaj;ij ,yq;ifapy; vq;Fk;fhz KbAkh vd;gJ Nfs;tpf; FwpNa.!

mk;gpifapd; jpUtpisahly;

jpUtpisahl;il nkU$l;b mUs;tpisahl;L fhl;b epw;fpd;whs; md;id.2002k; Mz;L  Mbkhj tUlhe;j cw;rt fhyj;jpy; epfo;e;j xU mUs;tpisahl;L. fle;j gy Mz;Lfshf ghtidapy; ,Ue;J te;j kly; rk;gwk;. fle;j kf;fs; Gyk;ngau;thy; ghtpf;f Kbahj epiyf;F te;jjhy;. jpUtpoh cgafhuuhy; xU Gjpakly; rg;gwk; nra;J ,k;Kiw ghtidf;Fupajhf;fp je;jhHfs; rk;gwk; midj;Jg; ghfq;fSk; nghUj;jg;gl;lJ. 9k; jpUtpoh ,uT mijOf;fNtz;L;k;. md;WjpUtpoh VO. jw;fhypfkhf Nju;tlj;ijg; ghtpf;f vz;zpa epu;thfk;.Nju;tlj;ij ntspNa nfhz;Ltu Kaw;rpf;Fk; Ntisapy;. Nju;tlk; ghtpf;fKbahj epiyapy; fhzg;gl;lJ. epthfj;Jf;F ngupa mjpu;r;rpia Vw;gLj;jpaJ .

kWehs;rg;gwk; ,Of;fNtz;Lk;. Gjpjha;j; Njh;tlk; thq;f Fiwe;jJ 100000.00&gh  gzk;; Ntz;Lk; Ngha;Njb thq;f epu;thfj;Jf;F Neuk; gw;whf;Fiw. ,e;j epiyapy; ngUq;ftiyAld; ,k;Kiwf;F gf;fj;J Ch;. Nfhtpypy; fld; thq;FNthk; vd;w KbNthL ,uT fope;jJ. fhiyNeuk; vl;Lkzp tha;NgrKbahj 18-20taJ kjpf;fj;jf;f,uz;L ,isQh;Xl;lkha; Xbte;J Miya FUf;fspd; fjitj;jl;b jhq;fs; kPd;gpbj; njhopypy; <Lgl;Lnfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ ghk;G Nghy; xU nghUs; jkf;F njupe;jjhfTk;.

jl;bg; ghu;f;f mJNju;tlk;Nghy; njuptjhfTk; ,Of;f Kbatp;iy ,ad;wtiu ,Oj;J te;J fiuapy; xUgFjpiar;Nrj;;Js;Nshk;. Ml;fs;te;jhy; kpFjpiaAk; ,Oj;J Vw;wptuyhk; vd;W vOj;jpy; vOjp MyaFUTlk; fhl;l FU epu;thfj;jplk; njuptpf;f epu;thfk; coTae;jpuKk; Ml;fSk; nfhz;L nrd;W fiuia mila flypy; fple;j kpFjpia ,Oj;njLf;f. te;jJ 750 kPw;uh; ePskhd Nju;tlk; ,ij mwpe;j kf;fs; Miyaj;ij ehb mk;gpifapd; mUisAk;.jpUtpisahl;ilAk; fz;Lk; Nfl;Lk; gutrkhfpdu;.

m;Lj;jehs; fhiyapy; ntspte;j mj;jid gj;jpupifAk; Njh;tlg; glj;Jld; nra;jpfis ntspapl;L mk;ghs; mUis giwrhw;wpdh; vdyhk;. ,j;Jiz mUs; nfhz;l mk;gpifapd; Myaj;Jf;F ,uh[NfhGuk; ,y;yhjFiw ngUk; Ntjid jUk; epiyapy; ,Ug;gij czh;e;j ,d:iwa Gjpa eph;thfk; ,e;j Fiwia epth;j;jp nra;Ak; ngUk; Nehf;Fld; mz;ikapy; ,uh[NfhGu jpUg;gzpr rig xd;iw cUthf;fp fpuhkj;ij Nrh;e;j th;jfg; ngUkf;fspd; cjtpAldk;. mk;gpifapd; Nky; gw;Wnfhz;l Gyk;ngah; kf;fspd; cjtpAlDk;. epiwNtw;wp Kbf;fyhk;. vd;w ngupa ek;gpf;ifNahL jk; gzpiaj; njhlh;e;J. mj;jpthuk;  Nghlg;gl;L nts;isf;fy; Ntiyfis KbTw;W nrq;fy; Ntiyfs; njhlh;e;J NfhGu fl;lkhd Ntiyfs; Kw;Wk; KbTw;W ghitfs; itg;gJk; tu;zq;fs; jPl;ltJk; kPjpahf ,Uf;Fk; fhyfl;lj;jpy;. ehl;by; Vw;gl;l mWh[f nfLgpbfshy; Ntiy epWj;jg;gl;L cs;sJ vd;gJ ngUk; Jauk; jUk; nra;jpNa. vd;whYk; kf;fs; mk;gpif njhlu;j gzpia Kbj;J NfhGu Fk;ghgpN\fk; nra;J rpwg;Gw elj;jp itg;ghs; vd;w ek;gpf;ifia neQ;rpy; epWj;jpagbNa cs;sdu; ,e;j nra;jpmwpj;J Gyk; ngah;e;jhYk;. mk;gpifapd; epidg;gpy; thOk; mk;gpif mbahUf;F ftiynahL ngUkfpo;rp jUk; nra;jpahFk;.

mg;gzp epiwNtw mk;gpif mUs;Gupe;e;J midtupd; cs;sq;fspYk; epiwTje;J mLj;j Mz;L kN`hw;\g fhy vy;iyf;Fs; jpUg;gzp epiwT fhz ehk; midtUk;  Xuzpapy; ,ize;J gzpGupNthkhf. mk;gpif mUs; fpilf;Fk; vd;w ek;gpf;ifNahL njhlUk; Ntisapy; kPz;Lk; Ml;rpahsupd; nray;ghl;lhy; kPz;Lk; NfhGu Ntiyfs; jilgl;L nra;jp gf;ju;fis ngUk; Jaupy; Mo;j;jp cs;sJ cz;ikNa. ,Ue;jhYk; mk;gpif jPapy; FspjhYk; jd; gzpia ePiwNtw;wp itg;ghs; vd;w eK;gpf;ifNahL gf;ju;fs; gzp njhlu;fpd;wdu; ehKk; ek;gpf;ifNahL gzp njhlu;Nthkhf

Xk; rf;jp Xk;
 
NfhGu juprdk; Nfhb Gz;zpak;.
fhyNeuj;Jf;fhf mk;ghs; fhj;jpUf;fpd;whs;
mk;gpif mUs; nghq;fp topAnkd ek;GNthkhf.
njhlul;Lk; ek; gzp ngUfl;Lk; mk;gpifmUs;!;
 
ed;wp tzf;fk;
ftpQh;
Ntyiza+h; nghd;dz;zh
nld;khh;f; 

குறிப்பு : இத்தளத்தில் பதிவு செய்யப்பட்ட ஆக்கங்கள், வரலாற்று குறிப்புகள் என்பவற்றுக்கு இவற்றை ஆக்கியோரே பொறுப்பு. இவற்றில் ஏதாவது குறை, நிறை இருப்பின் இவற்றை ஆக்கியோரிடம் தொடர்பு கொள்ளவும்.